Mon. Mar 25th, 2019

Pakistan’s posture: A lull before the storm ?

Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan

Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan

The respite since the handing over of Wing Commander Abhinandan to India by the Pakistani authorities is being viewed with a degree of relief by many. There is a perception of receding war clouds. The question here is– is this a lull before the storm?

The situation along the Line of Control (LOC) is heated up with both sides resorting to intensive firing. India has reported civilian casualties and so has Pakistan. The neighbouring country has gone a step further and blamed India for the escalation. A editorial in the Pakistani English newspaper, Express Tribune, published on March 3 says, “Shelling by Indian troops took place in Azad Jammu and Kashmir in which one casualty, Mohammad Sudhir, and three injured youngsters were reported just hours prior to Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman’s promised release by Prime Minister Imran Khan. The violent lashing out continued on March 2, with responses from both sides, resulting in two civilian deaths.”

Newspapers in Pakistan continue to remain in denial with regard to the downing of the F-16 fighter aircraft of their country. “Last week, Indian jets dropped payload at a hilly forest area in Balakot. In reply to that, Pakistan Air Force on Wednesday shot down two Indian military aircraft in Pakistani airspace after repeated LOC violation,” says an editorial on March 3 of yet another English newspaper, Daily Pakistan. It also refers to “unprovoked firing along the Line of Control (LoC).” A gist of these editorials have been carried by the website, Indian Observer Post.

The decision of Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan to release Wing Commander Abhinandan has witnessed a fair degree of opposition within Pakistan. Some members of the Pakistani National Assembly spoke against the decision and one Barrister Muhammad Shoaib Razak, filed a petition in the High Court to stop the release of pilot, which was dismissed by their Court.  Some rabid veteran army officers have spoken against the same on television, clips of which have gone viral. Hamid Mir, a noted Pakistan Journalist presently working with Geo News tweeted, “Nawaz Sharif Govt release Indian pilot after 8 days captivity and lost his Govt within 6 months in 1999.” The innuendo was quite obvious.

On the positive side, Pakistan witnessed a lot demands upon its government to release the Indian pilot. These came predominantly from women and elders of the educated society.  An organisation named “Women in struggle for empowerment” carried out a rally in Lahore against escalation of the situation into an all out war. They carried banners saying “war is not a solution” and “Women against war.” Other banners demanded “Safe return of Abhinandan Varthaman” with hash tags of #NoToWar, #IStandAgainstHatred, #ProfilesforPeace etc.

The public relations machinery of the Pakistan Army (ISPR) has, in a tweet, confirmed that the Pakistan Army Chief, General Qamar Bajwa, spoke to his counterparts in the US, UK, Australia and also to ambassadors of these countries as well as China with regard to the impact of the situation on “peace and stability in the region and beyond.” “Pakistan will surely respond to any aggression in self defence,” he said. It is from this tweet that one gets an inkling of the anxiety within the Pakistan Army.

The retaliatory actions other than military taken by India have also started having an effect. Inflation in Pakistan is rising due to removal of the Most Favoured Nation (MFN) status and imposition of heavy duty on trade between the two countries. The Indian hint towards a reassessment of the Indus Water Treaty (IWT) is also causing widespread disquiet.

Close to the heels of face-off between the two countries came the meeting of the Organisation of Islamic Conference (OIC) at Abu Dhabi where India was invited for the first time since inception of this grouping of 57 Islamic countries. A sulking Pakistan refused to attend the proceedings, but it did manage to convince the grouping to stick its original posture on Kashmir. One day after the address of Foreign Minister Sushma Swaraj, the Foreign Minsiters session of the group passed a resolution highlighting, “intensified Indian barbarities (in Kashmir) since July 2016” and “illegal detentions and disappearances in Jammu and Kashmir.” The communiqué also praised Prime Minister Imran Khan for sending the Indian pilot back.  India has, of course, responded with a reaffirmation that Jammu and Kashmir is an integral part of India and the matter is strictly internal to the country.

The bottom line is that though the OIC is taking baby steps towards facilitating India, with whom most member countries have good diplomatic and financial relations, it is not ready to forsake Pakistan altogether. There is, as such, much remaining to be done by India on the diplomatic front, especially so, with the Islamic world.  

So we have a situation where Pakistan government and Pakistan Army are on the back foot but not wholly without friends. Internally, a substantial element of the educated society in Pakistan is quite fed up with this consistent war mongering and they wish to move away from escalatory mechanisms to a more normal life with good relationships. The rising inconvenience due to Indian non-military retaliations will play a big role in forming perceptions in Pakistan.

India may think that the cross border skirmish was enough to put the matter of the Pulwama strike at rest but Pakistan definitely does not think so. It will be weighing its options. One option is to follow the path of reconciliation; this is possible only if Pakistan manages to control the terror activity emanating from its soil. The second option is to retaliate with strength to contain the receding credibility and stature of the government and its Army. Since both options are open, India cannot afford to get complacent; a constant eye on the situation and high level of vigilance/ preparedness for any contingency is important. This is definitely the proverbial lull before the storm.

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